Pregnancy-summer: Hot and moist air can be very difficult, particularly when you are pregnant. Pregnant women cannot stand the hot weather in any case.
The level of discomfort increases as the weather temperature rises. Go for a walk in the morning or in the evening when temperature goes down. Do not go for a walk on days you think that weather temperature will be higher. Avoid being under the sun when you feel dizzy or sick. You should prefer slightly shaded places. Take a short rest and nap frequently.
Avoid standing up for a long period and lay down on your left side and apply cold compression when you feel tired and weak.
You can drop the body temperature by applying a slightly wet, cold damp towel on the forehead, top of the head and back of the neck. In addition, puffing will drop your body temperature. It is recommended not to go out at hot weather if you have difficulty in breathing such as asthma.
Edema, weight gain and growing fetus in pregnancy can make explicit the complaints including difficulty in breathing, heartburn, acid indigestion, insomnia, and heart throb. Excessive hot weather during summer results in quicker rise of body temperature in pregnant women, leading to higher or lower blood pressure in pregnancy. Frequently taken warm showers will moist the skin and relieve the problems such as hot flush and insomnia.
It is essential to consciously benefit from the sunlight during pregnancy. The sun is a source of vitamin D. It has positive effects on the bones, body defense system and human psychology.
It is not recommended to take a sunbath between 11.00 am and 4.00 pm when the sun rays come straight, or to be exposed to direct sun rays.
Pregnant women should observe their liquid intake is enough as the body’s need for liquid increases during pregnancy. It is necessary to drink at least 2-3 liters of liquid a day (8-10 glasses). You can have plenty of water, freshly squeezed fruit juice, light soup, compote with a little sugar, lemonade, and yogurt drink containing a lot of water. Taking too much liquid is known to result in water poisoning.
Plenty of liquid taken can prevent major problems such as constipation, haemorrhoids, urinary tract infections, preterm birth, and risk of miscarriage, which have increased incidence during pregnancy.
It is beneficial for pregnant women to take water with them when going out.
You should not have too much of both drinks such as coke, coffee and tea that increase urinary output and drinks such as soda that retains water. Remember the sugar content and do not take too much when drinking freshly squeezed fruit juices.
Eat low-fat food and avoid fried food, high in fat or oily food, and tomato paste during summer. Try to have salads, vegetable food cooked with olive oil. Pay attention that basic sources of protein, such as meat, milk, yogurt and cheese, are low in fat.
You may want to choose low-fat and solid food to minimize the complaints such as nausea and vomiting during the first months. Try to eat light, low-fat and low-calorie food at dinner, and avoid eating at least 1-2 hours prior to going to bed as this may reduce shortness of breath.
A care must be taken for food poisoning that increases with hot weather. Remember that microbial growth is easier for the food kept outside for long.
Vaginal flow and fungal infections are more common during pregnancy, particularly in summer. Consult to your doctor if you have foul urine or burning feeling when you urinating, foul-smelling flow, and pruritus. Excessive sweating and insufficient ventilation of folded parts of the body may lead to infections. The sun can cause redness, which should be kept dry and clean. Take a warm shower every day and wear light, comfortable, cotton, and light-colored clothes that allows sweating and keeping the skin moist.
Because the pigment hormone, known as melanin, is at higher levels in pregnancy, sun rays are highly likely to produce spots on the face and skin. Use high protection factor sun lotions. In addition, wear quality sun glasses and shaded hats. Choose sweat absorbent, comfortable, light colored clothes as they reflect back the sunlight.
Note that swimming pool is one place that contributes to spreading the diseases.
Prefer sea to swimming pools because the sea is a type of disinfectant and it is easier to pick up an illness through a swimming pool. If the swimming pool is the only option, go to a swimming pool under a strict control when it is not busy. If you are pregnant, have a swim for no longer than 15-20 minutes then stay in shaded areas.
The most recommended sporting activity in pregnancy is to take a walk and swim at appropriate hours during summertime. Gymnastic exercises in the water are very beneficial. Swimming in the morning can be helpful in having a more relaxed day. Doing plates and yoga is recommended in pregnancy. Such exercises will help reduce tiredness and relieve any psychological problems, and make sleeping easier. Try to avoid doing summer sports such as water skiing and jet ski that increase the risk for falling.
Swimming both reduces your body temperature and relaxes you by removing the load on the sciatic nerve. Note that when swimming during pregnancy, the level of water is not higher than your height in order to avoid possible risk for cramps. It is not recommended to dive when pregnant. Doing exercises in the water is healthy. Have someone with you when swimming as a precaution against possible cramps in the swimming pool or sea.
Expectant mothers should wear large swimming costumes designed for pregnant women. Change your swimming costume after having a swim in the sea or pool. You may take a sunbath with a dry swimming costume for 15-20 minutes.
Keep your feet high as much as possible to prevent swelling legs and improve blood circulation. Avoid excessive salt intake to prevent water retention. For edema in legs, lie down for half an hour or an hour after meals or at the end of the day. When sleeping, put a cushion under your feet to keep your feet up slightly. Wear shoes that are a half-size larger than your normal shoe size. Take off your wedding ring if it is too tight.
Drink plenty of water before getting thirsty and take a break when exercising to catch your breath. Do not take an exercise under the sun. Taking a walk your partner in the morning or evening will be very helpful both physically and psychologically.
In general, it is not recommended to take a long trip during the last trimester of pregnancy.
Choose a vacation location that is clean, well-ventilated, and near hospital when pregnant.