3 and 4 Dimensional Ultrasound at Pregnancy

Say Hello to Your New Baby

Fetal image of the face at 28 weeks of pregnancy by 3 dimensional ultrasonography. The image of the same fetus taken in the following months is consistent with the image taken in the mother’s womb.

4 dimensional images of the face by US at the last period of pregnancy. You can see your baby before being born.

Ultrasonography procedure for pregnant women involves transmitting the sound waves to your tissue via a probe and reflecting sound waves on the tissue are displayed on a screen.

By this ultrasonography, you can see your baby’s 3 dimensional image and 4 dimensional, i.e. 3 dimensional film image at real time, in other words, at the time when ultrasound is being performed. This is a very exciting technology to the parents. Studies to date have demonstrated that 2-3-4 dimensional ultrasound has no harmful effect on the fetus or the mother.

3-4 dimensional ultrasound can be performed from the first months of pregnancy. During each trimester of pregnancy, fetus, namely the baby in the mother’s womb, exhibits different behavior and movement characteristics, which can be detected by 3-4 dimensional ultrasound. 6-7 months of pregnancy are the period when the best 3-4 dimensional ultrasound images can be taken and the parents can see how their baby looks like.

What Are The Advantages of 3 and 4 Dimensional Ultrasound?

The way the fetus moves and behaves is considered to predict some mental anomalies that may even develop in the mother’s womb. Fetal moves and behaviors can be assessed by the 3 and 4 dimensional ultrasound. The actions that can be closely seen by the 4 dimensional ultrasonography include fetus moving the hands towards the face, dropping or bending backward its head, turning its head to left or right, stretching or pulling its legs, fetal face movements, that is, smiling fetus, blinking its eyes, sticking out its tongue, chewing, yawning, and making a wry face. Fetus can be examined in detail by 2 dimensional ultrasonography.

3 and 4 dimensional ultrasonography can allow for a detailed examination of an abnormality identified with your baby. In some cases, a good image is unable to take, for example, if the fetus’s position is inappropriate, or if there is no enough amniotic fluid placenta.
Additionally, providing 4 dimensional images of the fetus for the parents and other family members, monitoring its moves and seeing what it looks like are considered to enhance the attachment between the baby and the parents. Such moments are very exciting to the families as no doubt. The images of the fetus can also be stored digitally and later the families can see them on their video player or computer.

References:

Alin Basgul Yigiter, Z. N.Kavak, B.Durukan , N.Guducu, H.İşçi. “Prenatal Diagnosis of Congenital Harlequin Ichthyosis with 2D, 3D, and 4D Ultrasonography.” Cinical and Experimental Obstetrics and Gynecology 2011 . (Pubmed İndeksli dergi).
Kurjak A, Abo-Yaqoub S, Stanojevic M, Alin Başgül Yiğiter, Vasilj O, Lebit D, Shaddad A, Ahmed B, Kavak ZN, Miskovic B, Vladareanu R, Spalldi Barisic L, Azumendi G, Younis M, Pooh RK, Salihagic Kadic A. The potential of 4D sonography in the assessment of fetal neurobehavior - multicentric study in high-risk pregnancies. Journal of Perinatal Medicine (JPM) . 2010;38.
Alin Başgül Yiğiter, ve Z.N. Kavak, “Evaluation of Fetal Abnormalities by Two- and Three Dimensional Ultrasound”, Gynaecol Perinatol, (2007).
Alin Başgül Yiğiter, ve Z.N. Kavak, “Normal Standards of Fetal Behavior Assessed by Four-dimensional Sonography”, J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med, 19, 11:707–21 (2006).
Alin Başgül Yiğiter, Z.N. Kavak, E. Kotiloglu, I. Akman, F. Akalin, N. Elcioglu ve A. Sav, “Antenatal Diagnosis of Velocardiofacial Syndrome by 3D Ultrasonography”, J Perinat Med, 34, 2:177-178 (2006).
Alin Başgül Yiğiter, Kavak ZN, Normal Fetal Behavior. Donald School Textbook of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Chapter 45,p 699–711,2007.
Alin Başgül Yiğiter, ve Z.N. Kavak, “Normal standards of fetal movements studied by 4D Sonography”, Fetal Behavior Book, ed. Jose M Carrera, Elsevier-Masson 2007.
Alin Başgül Yiğiter, T.Arslan, H.Isci, N.Güdücü. Akondrogenezis tipIA (HOUSTON-HARRIS) : 2D / 3D / 4D Ultrasonografi ile prenatal tanı.Türkiye Klinikleri 2012.
Basgul AY, Kavak ZN, Guducu N, Durukan B, Isci H. Prenatal diagnosis of congenital harlequin ichthyosis with 2D, 3D, and 4D ultrasonography. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2011;38(3):283-5.
Yigiter AB, Kavak ZN, Durukan B, Isci H, Uzuner A, Uyar E, Gokaslan H. Placental volume and vascularization flow indices by 3D power Doppler US using VOCAL technique and correlation with IGF-1, free beta-hCG, PAPP-A, and uterine artery Doppler at 11-14 weeks of pregnancy. J Perinat Med. 2011 Mar;39(2):137-41.

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