Diabetes is dangerous for both higher blood glucose level and the damage to some organs. One of these organs is legs. 15% of all diabetics have at least one leg problem during their entire life. These problems range from a simple wound to gangrene.
Generally, it is caused by stenosis or obstruction of saphenous veins; sensory impairments, deformed sole or toes, and low resistance to infections. Mostly, more than one cause occurs at the same time.
Consequences If Untreated
Leg problems in diabetes
If untreated, the leg problems are likely to lead to loss of foot or leg with a chance of 50%. Therefore, treatment of leg problems in diabetics should not be delayed.
The first step of the treatment is to examine the saphenous vessels that supply feet with blood. If these vessels have any problems, it will result in inadequate volume of blood to the legs. In this case neither medicine nor therapeutic factors can reach the legs, leading to amputation of the leg. The second step of the treatment is to repair any problems in the leg by a balloon, stent, or surgical methods. However, medicines, dressing or oxygen therapy and removing the leg problem should be considered the next.